Endodontics is a dental specialty that involves treatment of the inside of the tooth, known as the dental pulp. The pulp contains blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue to help form the outside of the tooth. Endodontic procedures are often needed when the pulp of the tooth becomes infected or inflamed, usually as a result of decay, repeated dental procedures or a crack or chip in the tooth.
Common types of endodontic procedures include:
Root Canal - The most common endodontic procedure is a root canal, which can diagnose and treat damage in the dental pulp.
Apicoectomy - Also known as root end resection, apicoectomy involves the removal of infected tissue and the end of the root.
Other types of endodontic procedures may be performed to treat more severe cases of pulp damage that have not responded to or recurred after initial treatment. A dentist will decide which procedure is right for each patient after a thorough evaluation of their condition.